The U.S. establishes a fortress for China through the Anglo-Australia Security Agreement

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U.S. Foreign Policy Update

Washington has established a new trilateral security partnership with London and Canberra, which will support Australia’s plan to build a nuclear-powered submarine fleet, a move that will strengthen the ability of allies to fight China.

This move is the latest effort by US President Joe Biden to strengthen the alliance amid growing tensions with China over the dispute from the South China Sea to Taiwan.

Biden is preparing to announce the agreement at a virtual event in Washington with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison on Thursday night.

The leaders said that in addition to helping Australia build a nuclear-powered submarine force, they will also strengthen cooperation in areas such as networking, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, and submarine capabilities.

A British official said that the alliance will focus on maritime and defense technology compared to the “five eyes” arrangement of sharing intelligence between the United States, Britain, Australia, New Zealand and Canada.

A senior US official said that Biden did not tell China’s Xi Jinping of this initiative. The two leaders spoke last weekThe new alliance, called AUKUS, was formed one week before Biden will host the leaders of Japan, India and Australia to attend the first face-to-face summit of the “four nations”. This is a security organization aimed at confronting China and China. Beijing criticized it as “Asian NATO.”

The U.S. official said that although Australia will obtain nuclear propulsion technology—the U.S. only shares these technologies with the United Kingdom—Canberra will not develop nuclear weapons.

Kori Schake, head of foreign and defense policy at the American Enterprise Institute, said the deal would send a strong signal to Beijing.

She said that this is “an elegant message to remind China that if the threat posed by China becomes so severe and Australia has technical capabilities and alliances, they may become a nuclear power.” “This also impressed me. This is a good time for the Biden administration to demonstrate its commitment to the safety of its allies after the failed coup. U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan. “

The US official said that these ships will enhance Australia’s naval capabilities because they are faster and more concealed than conventional submarines.

These ships can also sail farther away from Australia, including in the South China Sea, and do not need to surface frequently.

Australian media stated that Canberra will terminate the existing US$90 billion purchase of 12 French-designed conventional submarines. The official said that the allies will decide how to build the fleet in the next 18 months.

The U.S. official said: “This is a fundamental decision that is decisively binding on generations of Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom.”

Richard Fontaine, head of the New American Security Center, said that submarines are a “big event” that will not only bring better capabilities to Australia, but also help Washington, especially in criticizing China for overtaking naval ships and submarines. In the case of the United States.

“The real standard of comparison is not China on the one hand and the United States on the other. China on the one hand and the United States and its allies on the other,” Fontaine said.

follow Dmitry Sevastopoulo with Laura Hughes On twitter



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