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After a game dominated by the future of oil and the climate crisis, the Norwegians have begun voting in parliamentary elections in several major cities, which are expected to bring the center-left opposition to power.
Opinion polls show that the EU led by the Labor Party has achieved a convincing victory. Such an outcome would end the unprecedented eight years of center-right rule in this wealthy oil-producing Scandinavian country. But it is not clear how many parties will enter the parliament and which parties will become part of the new government.
The official election day is Monday, but on Sunday, votes were held in the capital Oslo, the major oil city Stavanger, and the Arctic town of Bodo. More than one-third of voters have already voted in advance.
The oil future of the largest oil producer in Western Europe dominates the polls because the small parties demand that Norway take more active actions to deal with climate change. The Green Party said they would only support a coalition that would immediately stop all exploration of fossil fuels.
The victory will mean that the center-left prime ministers of all five Nordic countries have appeared at the same time for the first time since 1959, and will be the last election of the former Labor Party Minister of Foreign Affairs and Health Jonas Gahr Store (Jonas Gahr Store) in 2017. Defend after the defeat. Lead the next Norwegian government.
“He will become a strong prime minister with a long-term vision for the future. He understands the transformation of oil and energy very well. In this complex world, it is also important that he has international experience. When Putin answers the phone, people will be full of Confidence,” former Labor Party Foreign Minister Espen Bart Eide told the Financial Times.
Conservative Prime Minister Erna Solberg is the first center-right leader in modern Norwegian history to be re-elected for two terms, but investigations show that the strength of the left-wing small parties will enable Stoll to form an alliance and usurp her position.
In the last large-scale poll conducted by the national broadcaster NRK, the left is expected to win 100 seats in the 169-seat parliament, while the right-leaning party will win the remaining seats. The Labour Party, the Rural Centre Party and the Socialist Left Alliance, which are preferred by the store, are expected to receive a majority of 84 seats. Opinion polls show that the Labor Party will become the largest single party, with about a quarter of the votes, while the Conservative Party will have one-fifth.
If the three main center-left parties fail to meet the requirements, Store will need the support of the Communist Red Party or the Green Party, and he criticized the two parties for wanting to set an end date for oil production.
“Shut down an industry like the Red and Green Party is like throwing people into the sea and then throwing a lifebuoy in. This is a high-risk game and a backward climate policy,” Store told Dagbladet newspaper.
Some political observers believe that a possible compromise may be to restrict or even terminate oil exploration in the Norwegian Arctic. After disappointing exploration results, the company rejected the Barents Sea area anyway.
Labor Energy spokesperson Ed said that the Labor Party is aware that the oil era is “coming to an end” but believes in a gradual transition from oil to a greener economy. He added that the company seems to want to explore near existing oil fields in Norway and the North Sea instead of the Arctic.
“It’s increasingly likely that there won’t be too many [oil] In the Barents Sea. .. It might be better to find something closer to the existing production,” he added.
Prior to the release of the landmark UN climate report last month, the campaign had been low-key, and the organization’s secretary-general warned that it is now the “red code” of humanity.
After the report was released, environmental protection parties such as the Green Party, the Socialist Left and the Center-Right Liberal Party have all benefited from the rise in public opinion polls, while the pro-oil center party has steadily declined in recent months.
Both the Labour Party and the Conservative Party support the oil industry, but believe that the importance of the oil industry to Norway will decline as production declines in the next few decades.
Ed said that the Labor Party believes that the center-right government is too slow in transitioning to a green economy, while the left will adopt a more interventionist industrial policy.
Norway provides generous subsidies for electric vehicles, which currently account for almost three-quarters of new car sales, and are investing heavily in expensive carbon capture and storage. But neighbouring Denmark has achieved greater success in the larger wind turbine industry through manufacturer Vestas and developer Orsted.