In the United States, the artificial intelligence industry is at risk of becoming a winner-takes-all


A new study The warning states that the US artificial intelligence industry is highly concentrated in the San Francisco Bay Area, which may prove to be a weakness in the long run. The Gulf region leads all other regions in the United States in artificial intelligence research and investment activities, accounting for about a quarter of the United States artificial intelligence conference papers, patents and companies. The level of artificial intelligence activities in the metropolitan area of ​​the Bay Area is four times that of other top cities for artificial intelligence development.

“When you account for a high percentage of all artificial intelligence activities in the metropolises of the Bay Area, you may be over-concentrated, lose diversity, and generate collective thinking in the algorithmic economy. It locks the winner-takes-all in this field. Dimension, this is where we hope that federal policy will start investing in new and different AI clusters in new and different places to provide balance or counterattack,” Policy Director Mark Muro at the Brookings Institution and co-author of the study , Tell the connection.

The research called “The Geography of Artificial Intelligence” ranked nearly 400 metropolitan areas in the United States based on the capabilities of artificial intelligence. The indicators used included artificial intelligence job listings, early company creation data from Crunchbase, published research, and Federal R&D funding. The study found that two-thirds of AI activities only occur in 15 metropolitan areas, mainly along the coastline: the two “superstars” San Francisco and San Jose, and 13 other “early adopter” areas, such as Austin and Seattle . At the same time, more than half of the metropolitan areas together account for only 5% of artificial intelligence activities.

As more and more companies and governments adopt this technology, the impact of artificial intelligence on people’s daily lives is expected to increase.Although automation can increase productivity-PricewaterhouseCoopers predict By 2030, it will add $3.7 trillion to the North American economy-some economists and ethicists worry that artificial intelligence will also accelerate inequality and provide more wealth and power to the already rich and powerful. With the continuous development of the artificial intelligence industry, cities that have the ability to support early artificial intelligence development and create talent pipelines for local companies will benefit. Those who do not may be left behind, although the increasing adoption of artificial intelligence may also have adverse effects, such as unemployment caused by automation.

Muro said that it is wise for the United States to invest in other parts of the country before the regional over-concentration of artificial intelligence becomes more entrenched.

The study determined that nearly 90 cities in the United States are likely to bring more AI-related jobs and resources to their communities, including major cities such as Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, and Houston, as well as some college towns such as Bloomington, Indiana. And Athens, Georgia.

Realizing that it is difficult to promote the development of artificial intelligence without in-depth research and investment capabilities, Muro and his co-author Liu Sifan urge cities to develop “highly realistic” plans to support local artificial intelligence. They suggested that regions should focus on plans to attract and retain artificial intelligence talents, expand educational opportunities in high schools and community colleges, and consider tax cuts for companies in the artificial intelligence field.

Muro also advocates focusing on AI use cases that are valuable to local companies or industries, awarding government contracts to local AI companies, and distinguishing their cities from other cities. As the study’s early adopter category suggests, there is a lot of room for growth in artificial intelligence beyond technology companies. According to the analysis of Burning Glass data in the study, American Express is the largest AI employer in Lincoln, Nebraska. In Los Angeles and Santa Cruz, California, cybersecurity company Crowdstrike is in a leading position. In Washington, DC, Capital One and Booz Allen Hamilton are the main employers.

Regional leaders in places like San Diego and Louisville, Kentucky have taken steps to assess the need for artificial intelligence in their respective regions.

2019 Brookings Institution report It is predicted that Kentucky will become one of the states most affected by automated unemployment in the United States. In April, Brookings Metro developed an adaptation strategy for Louisville, one of the largest cities in the state. The report recommends establishing partnerships with other cities in the Midwest and Southeastern United States on artificial intelligence and data solutions for healthcare.


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