Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria, 1937-2021


Update by Abdulaziz Bouteflika

Former Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika has passed away at the age of 84. He ruled the North African country for 20 years until protests swept him out in 2019.

As a veteran of Algeria’s independence from the French War of Independence, he became president in 1999 and was hailed by many of his people as helping to restore peace. This was later called the Black Decade. During this period, about 100,000 people worked in Islamists and Islamists. Was killed in political violence between activists. army.

However, after Algerians were tired of decades of corruption and economic mismanagement, his rule ended in shame, forcing the politically controlled army to oust him.

Disabled due to a stroke, he has rarely appeared in public since 2013, and rumors have spread about the influence of Said, his brother and janitor, and a group of corrupt business figures around him.

In 1992, the military stepped in to prevent Islamists from winning elections, triggering a bloodshed of assassinations, bombings and mass murders in villages.

Both the military and Islamic radicals have been accused of atrocities and gross violations of human rights.

As a regime insider who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Bouteflika was promoted to the presidency by Algeria’s opaque government in 1999. Have the ability to go, Since independence in 1962, influential decision makers at the top of the military and intelligence agencies have influenced politics. In order to show up, an election was held, but his six opponents withdrew on the eve of the vote, leaving a shadow on him. victory.

Bouteflika was well-known at home and abroad before he became president. Born in 1937, he participated in the Anti-French War of Independence in 1956 and made his mark in the National Liberation Army in western Algeria. In 1963, at the age of 26, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and served until 1978.

While Algeria was seen as a beacon of the anti-colonial struggle, Bouteflika played an important role on the world stage. As an influential figure in the Non-Aligned Movement, he welcomed Che Guevara and the young Nelson Mandela to Algeria.

Fidel Castro greeted Abdulaziz Bouteflika during his visit to Cuba in 2000 © AP

As president, Bouteflika’s Civil Peace Act passed by a referendum in 1999 has successfully reduced insecurity because the most important armed movement, the Islamic Salvation Army and other groups, ended the rebellion and disbanded after the 2000 amnesty. .

Although this important natural gas supplier in Europe has largely restored calm, critics have accused that under Bouteflika’s leadership, the horror of the civil war has only been covered up, and no one has committed anything during the conflict. Responsible for the brutality. A constitutional amendment criminalized criticism of the military’s actions during the rebellion.

With the help of soaring oil prices, Bouteflika has invested billions of dollars in large infrastructure projects, housing, subsidized goods and public sector wages. However, the economy is still heavily dependent on hydrocarbon exports, and the jobs created cannot keep up with the demand of the young population. When oil prices fell in 2014, public dissatisfaction with the invisible president and his corrupt entourage worsened.

Bouteflika spent most of his time fighting for power with senior officials behind the scenes. He once said that he didn’t want to be a “decoration on the cake”, a facade for factions vying for control.

He established alliances to expand his influence, but sacrificed those who tried to stop him, but he was not a democrat and never concealed his contempt for elected institutions. The parliament is just a rubber stamp, the country’s multi-party system is just a facade, and the president and senior officials make major decisions based on the balance of power at any given moment.

Despite getting weaker and weaker, Bouteflika won four terms of presidency and persuaded his military supporters to agree to amend the constitution in 2008 to remove the two-term limit.

When he ran for president for the fourth time after a stroke, he left it to his allies to run on his behalf. However, as his absence from the public eye extended, Algeria seemed to be erratic, and people often wonder who is the real person in charge, Bouteflika or his brother.

his Deported in 2019 It has not changed the power dynamics in Algeria. Under the influence of the coronavirus and the suppression of the authorities, the protest movement lost its momentum. The army is still the dominant force in the country, and the country is now led by Abdelmadjid Tebboune, a regime insider regarded as a candidate for the army.


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