U.S. Census shows whites are losing power and multi-ethnic groups are growing


American Society Update

According to the results of the 2020 U.S. Census, the proportion of white Americans in the U.S. population is less than 60% for the first time on record, and now more than 4 out of 10 people are identified as multi-racial or people of color, which highlights The country’s demographic structure is changing rapidly.

The results of the once-in-decade survey will be used to redefine the boundaries of Congress, “showing that the U.S. population is more racially and racially and ethnically diverse than we have measured in the past,” Nicholas Jones, Director of the U.S. Census Bureau’s Race and Ethnic Studies and Outreach The senior adviser said on Thursday.

The data also illustrates the extent to which terms such as “majority” and “minority”-long used by the Census Bureau and other agencies as shorthands for “white” and “non-white”-no longer reflect the broad U.S. demographics data.

The data confirmed earlier estimates of the decline in the white population in the United States, from 223.6 million in 2010 to 204.3 million in 2020, a decrease of 8.6% from 2010.

The second largest group identified as Hispanic or Latino has grown by 23% in the past decade. In California, the population identified as Hispanic or Latino became the largest group for the first time.

Although most counties are still predominantly white, the non-white population of the 289 counties is randomly from different races and ethnic groups according to the calculation of the bureau, which is higher than 54.9% in 2010.

The data also shows that the number of people identified as multi-ethnic has increased sharply, from 1.9% in 2010 to 4.1% in 2020.

The histogram (%) of changes from 2010 to 2020 shows that multi-ethnic Americans accounted for most of the population growth in the main racial categories

The number of people identified as more than one race accounted for a large part of the growth of ethnic groups. Although the percentage of Americans who identify as white has fallen by 8.6% since 2010, the number of people who identify as white and associate with other races has increased by 316% during the same period.

According to a table by William Frey, a demographer at the Brookings Institution, the data also shows that the number of white children has decreased by nearly 13%, which he called a “considerable” drop. He said that the proportion of white children has fallen to 47.3%, which is the first time on record that it has fallen below 50%.

Frey said that at the same time, the overall number of children dropped by a little more than 1 million, a “modest” drop of 1.4%. He said that the growth of Asian, Latino and multiracial children almost offset the decline of white children. There has been a slight decrease in the number of black and American Indian/Alaska Native children.

A bar chart (%) of population changes under 18 from 2010 to 2020 shows that the population growth of Asian, Latino, and multiracial children offsets the loss of white children

Due to the pandemic, the release of the racial, ethnic, and voting age population breakdown data used to map electoral districts was delayed by four months, triggering a frantic timetable for states to redraw the map of Congress.

Total population Released April showed that the influence of the Sunbelt states is increasing. Due to population growth, these states have won seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, mainly in favor of the Republican Party. The US population has grown by only 7.4% in the past decade, the lowest level since the 1930s.

According to the U.S. Census, the population growth rate from 2010 to 2020 is only 7.4%, the second lowest in U.S. history

In 2020, 52% of all counties had less population than in 2010. The decline was concentrated in the smallest counties, while growth was concentrated in metropolitan areas, including southern and western counties such as the outlying counties Atlanta, Dallas-Fort Worth, and Minnesota. Niapolis-Sao Paulo.

The largest cities in the United States continue to grow. In the decennial census, the population of the 10 largest cities now exceeds 1 million for the first time. Among them, Phoenix, Arizona has the fastest expansion, with a population growth of 11.2% in the past ten years.

A histogram of population change by county size (%) from 2010 to 2020 shows that smaller counties in the United States tend to reduce their population

Some researchers and advocates question the accuracy of counting.Documents show that, among other issues, incomplete responses hit a record high in 2020 get Last month as part of a request for public records of the Republican Party to redistribute propaganda groups.

The compressed time frame for re-division of constituencies may result in many states “hurrying through the map… To the detriment of public opinion and public opinion,” said Adam Podowitz-Thomas, senior legal strategist at the Princeton Gerrymandering Project.

Alexis Santos, a demographer at Penn State University, said that in addition to rezoning, inaccurate census counts could have implications for everything from tracking the changing demographics of rural areas to understanding Covid-19 mortality and other aspects have an impact.

He said: “Everyone uses census data, from mothers trying to figure out how many children there are in her neighborhood to government agencies trying to figure out where money is going.”


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