New York Police Department sets up a secret fund for surveillance tools

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New York City The police purchased a series of surveillance tools-including face recognition According to documents released on Tuesday, software, predictive police software, trucks equipped with X-ray machines to detect weapons, and “stingray” cellular site simulators-without public supervision.

Documents show that since 2007, the New York Police Department has spent at least $159 million in passing a little-known “special expense fund” that does not require the approval of the city council or other city officials. These documents were made public by two civil rights organizations, the Legal Aid Association and the Surveillance Technology Surveillance Project (STOP), which stated that this approach is equivalent to “monitoring bribery funds.”

Albert Fox Cahn, executive director of STOP, said that the police are still blocking other records that “the public needs to understand the way our city is regulated.”

The contract has been heavily edited and it is difficult to understand the function of any single tool, let alone how they work together to create a surveillance trawl for people in New York. Confidentiality also prevents a fuller understanding of the relationship between the New York Police Department, its suppliers, and the public.

In 2018, the New York Police Department allocated $6.8 million to Idemia Solutions, which provides biometric tools including facial recognition.The details have been edited, but the company Bombarded In 2019, the New York Police Department entered children under the age of 18 into the facial recognition database maintained by the company. The 2018 contract expires in 2020, but it gives the New York Police Department the option to renew the contract for two years.

In 2014, the New York Police Department signed a five-year, $800,000 contract with Elbit Systems. Israel’s largest defense contractor, Upgrade and maintain equipment throughout the city.The specific equipment was edited in the contract, but Elbit Systems provided A large range The surveillance tools used by the US Customs and Border Patrol on the southern border include cameras and sensors that form a “virtual border wall.”

In 2016, the New York Police Department signed a three-year contract with the American Science and Engineering Corporation, valued at 750,000 U.S. dollars, which provides Mobile X-ray cart. Initially developed to detect improvised explosive devices in war zones, trucks can Scan the vehicle for weapons From the furthest 1,500 feet away.Health officials warned that these devices may Cancer risk Because they expose passers-by to unhealthy radiation.New York Police Department has Use a truck Because At least 2012But it has Successful battle Attempts to disclose where they are used or how often they are used on the grounds of national security.

These documents also include a contract with KeyW Corporation, which provided the New York Police Department with Base station simulator, Is called “stingray”. These devices mimic cell phone towers and record the identification information of any cell phone connected to them, enabling the police to track people through cell phones.

“With the stingray, law enforcement can-without any help or consent from the mobile phone operator-determine the location of a person’s home, place of worship, or doctor’s office, or conduct large-scale surveillance of people gathered in an area, regardless of It’s for protests, speeches or parties,” said Daniel Schwartz, privacy and technology strategist at the New York Civil Liberties Union.

2017 New York University Prosecute After the protesters claimed that the police interfered with their cell phones during a protest in memory of Eric Garner, who was killed by New York Police Department officials in 2014, please contact the New York Police Department to learn about their use of pornography. More information on mink equipment. The equipment will form a trawl of bystanders who have no suspicion of any crime and are only engaged in activities protected by the First Amendment. Schwartz said the city should at least obtain authorization before using stingrays.

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