Brazilian politics update
Sign up for myFT Daily Digest and be the first to learn about Brazilian political news.
After President Jair Bolsonaro (Jair Bolsonaro) and senior judges Unsubstantiated claims Voter fraud.
In a strategy that echoed his political soulmate, Donald Trump, Bolsonaro stepped up allegations that electronic voting machines are vulnerable to interference without providing evidence.
After Brazil recorded more than 500,000 deaths from Covid-19 and growing dissatisfaction with rising cost of living in Brazil, populists’ ratings have declined; critics worry that the far-right leader is arguing about the legitimacy of the vote. Raise doubts in preparation to undermine the credibility of any possible failure.
The country’s Supreme Court and the Supreme Electoral Tribunal began investigating the president’s attacks on the voting system last week.Any kind of detection may lead to his Disqualification Re-elected in 2022.
But Bolsonaro’s position became more aggressive. Last week, he called the president of the electoral court “son of a bitch” and hinted in a radio interview that he might act outside the scope of the constitution, which commentators interpreted as implying that he might seek to stay through undemocratic Means in power.
“It will not be one or two Supreme Court judges who determine the fate of a country,” he told supporters at a motorcycle rally on Saturday.
The Speaker of the Lower House of the Brazilian Congress is trying to resolve this issue by calling the parliament to vote on the printed ballot receipts, and the voting may take place as early as this week.
“For the peace of the forthcoming election… All lawmakers who are legally elected through the electronic ballot box will make a decision,” Arthur Lira said on Friday.
The proposed constitutional amendment requires a three-fifth majority of the House of Representatives to pass before it enters the Senate.
Thiago Vidal of Prospectiva, a political consulting firm, said that he expects Congress to reject the measure, which will add paper receipts to the electronic system so that it can be recalculated if the result is disputed.
Vidal described these events as “unprecedented” since the end of Brazil’s military dictatorship in the mid-1980s.
Last week, dozens of well-known business figures and intellectuals signed a declaration expressing their support for the electronic voting system introduced in 1996. They did not mention Bolsonaro, but warned that Brazilian society “will not accept authoritarian risks.”
In a front-page editorial article published on Friday, the influential newspaper Folha de São Paulo Describe Bolsonaro as “the president who opposes the constitution.” “He committed a continuous madness while fleeing to tyranny and must be stopped by the law he despised,” it read.
Esther Solano, a professor of political science at the Federal University of Sao Paulo, said Bolsonaro’s remarks are intensifying his core foundation. She added that if legislators refuse to amend the constitution, it may fall into the hands of the president and strengthen his anti-establishment message.
“His statement is that he is a victim of justice, Congress and the opposition,” she said.
In the polls, Bolsonaro fell behind the former left-wing president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Restore political rights This year, after a corruption conviction was overturned. Although neither of them has officially announced their candidacy, both are expected to run in 2022.
In the past two months, Bolsonaro’s opponents staged protests in major cities, demanding his impeachment. At the same time, his supporters also held their own demonstrations in support of changing the voting system.
“Most importantly, we call for freedom-to eliminate any risk of a coup in this country. Why are you obstructing the transparency of our electoral process?” At a rally of activists seeking to print votes in Brasilia last week, Deputy Councillor Junio Amaral (Junio Amaral) said.
During his visit to Brazil last week, US National Security Adviser Jack Sullivan “emphasized the importance of not undermining confidence in Brazil. [the electoral] A senior government official said, especially because there were no signs of fraud in the previous elections in Brazil.
The president did not respond to a request for comment.
Additional reporting by Carolina Pulis Katrina Manson in Sao Paulo and Washington