Australian politics update
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Australia has agreed to pay compensation to the survivors of the “stolen generation”, tens of thousands of indigenous children who were forcibly taken away from their parents in accordance with the state-supported assimilation policy.
In a symbolic measure announced on Thursday, each survivor living in federal territory will receive a one-time payment of 82,000 Australian dollars ($60,000) to recognize the harm caused to them and help them recover.
The A$378.5 million remediation plan is part of a broader A$1 billion financing plan designed to address economic difficulties, social inequality and discrimination. Aboriginal communities.
The details of the plan will be made public after a landmark twenty years Report The Australian Human Rights Commission found that between 1910 and 1970, one-third to one-tenth of Aboriginal children were taken away from their families.
Canberra issued a “national apology” for the stolen generation in 2008.Their plight was portrayed to a global audience in the 2002 film Anti-rabbit fenceBut it lags behind Australia’s states-New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Victoria and South Australia in formulating plans to compensate survivors.
“What happened is a shameful chapter in our country’s story,” Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said.
“We have faced it through a national apology. But our actions must continue to conform to our words.”
This year, hundreds of survivors launched a class action lawsuit against the federal government for compensation. Shine Lawyers, who represents the group, said it is cautious about the plan.
However, the law firm expressed disappointment that there was no compensation for the descendants of those who had been expelled but had died.
The Commission’s 1997 report found that the forced separation of Aboriginal children from their parents began in the early days of Australian colonization in the 18th century, usually as a result of kidnapping for slave labor.
Australia’s state and federal authorities later introduced child relocation policies related to “absorption” and “assimilation” and child welfare and protection.
Indigenous leaders said that the brutal practice of separating children from their families has caused great psychological trauma, poor health and socio-economic consequences that continue to plague indigenous communities.
“Survivors are more likely to fall into economic trouble, rely on government payments and experience homelessness,” said Fiona Cornforth, chief executive of the Indigenous Group Healing Foundation.
Government data shows that Aboriginal children born in 2015-17 live on average eight to nine years less than non-Aboriginal Australians.
Aboriginal leaders warn that the country continues to face child welfare problems crisis Because a large number of indigenous children are taken care of.
According to a government report, more than a third of the 46,000 children receiving outdoor care in Australia last year were Aboriginals, even though Aboriginals accounted for less than 3% of the population.
“Compared with non-indigenous children, indigenous people are about 11 times more likely to be separated from their families than non-indigenous children,” said Heather McGlade, a human rights lawyer.
“We are seeing widespread systemic discrimination. There are more children being taken now than generations who have been stolen.”